Solomon Polachek
Research Fellow

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Polachek Solomon W. Polachek is a Distinguished Professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton (Binghamton University), where he has taught since 1983. He is also a Professional Fellow (2017-2019) in the Business at Liverpool Hope University. At Binghamton, he holds appointments in the Economics and Political Science Departments, and from 1996-2000 he served as Dean of the Arts and Sciences College. His Ph.D. is from Columbia University, and he has had post-doctoral fellowships at the University of Chicago (1972 -1973) and Stanford University (1979-1980).

Polachek's prime research contributions span two areas. First is the application of life-cycle models to labor economics. Here Polachek was the first to illustrate how life-cycle human capital models explain male-female wage differentials. His extensions of this work modified traditional human capital models by introducing human capital heterogeneity to explain gender-based occupational segregation. In another application, he imbedded search, job choice, and geographic location into the human capital model, enabling him to gain insight into the analysis of geographic and job mobility including how search over the life-cycle can explain migration periodicity. A byproduct of the empirical work led to an econometric technique to estimate buyer and seller information about wages and prices. Polachek's research in this area constitutes over 150 journal articles, book chapters and conference presentations, including the book The Economics of Earnings (Cambridge University Press) 1993 written with W. Stanley Siebert. Polachek has testified about the policy implications of this research to various governmental committees and policy boards, and many of the implications have been described in the popular press including the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times.

Second is the integration of economics and political science to explain conflict and cooperation among nations. This research has been widely received in the political science field leading to over 20 publications and conference presentations. In recognition of this work, Polachek was chosen to serve on editorial boards of Conflict Management and Peace Science (since 1989), the International Studies Quarterly (1989-1995) and as co-editor of Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy (since 1993). Polachek was elected President of the Peace Science Society (International) serving from 1999-2000. Although primarily devoted to applying economics tools to international relations, this research has implications regarding industrial relations, particularly union wage negotiations and strike activity.

Polachek has presented seminars and workshops at over 50 universities and research centers world-wide, and has visited Bar-Ilan University, Catholic University of Leuven, Erasmus University, Tel Aviv University, the Tinbergen Institute, the University of Michigan, Kasetsart University (Thailand), and Princeton University for extended stays. In the past, he served on the Editorial Board of SUNY Press and the Board of Editors of the Journal of Income Inequality. Currently is Series Editor of Research in Labor Economics and is an Associate Editor of the Review of Economics of the Household.

Solomon Polachek joined IZA as a Research Fellow in December 2000.
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IZA World of Labor article: Equal pay legislation and the gender wage gap
IZA Discussion Papers:
No. Author(s)
10922  Tirthatanmoy Das
Solomon Polachek
Micro Foundations of Earnings Differences
10866  Marlon R. Tracey
Solomon Polachek
If Looks Could Heal: Child Health and Paternal Investment
(forthcoming in: Journal of Health Economics)
10723  Archontis L. Pantsios
Solomon Polachek
How Asymmetrically Increasing Joint Strike Costs Need Not Lead to Fewer Strikes
(forthcoming in: Atlantic Economic Journal)
10534  Tirthatanmoy Das
Solomon Polachek
Estimating Labor Force Joiners and Leavers Using a Heterogeneity Augmented Two-Tier Stochastic Frontier
(forthcoming in: Journal of Econometrics)
10169  Nekeisha Spencer
Solomon Polachek
Eric Strobl
How Do Hurricanes Impact Achievement in School? A Caribbean Perspective
(forthcoming in: Natural Hazards)
9439  Nekeisha Spencer
Solomon Polachek
Hurricane Watch: Battening Down the Effects of the Storm on Local Crop Production
(published in: Ecological Economics, 2015, 120, 234-240. )
8603  Solomon Polachek
Jun Xiang
The Gender Pay Gap Across Countries: A Human Capital Approach
(published in: Esther Redmount (ed.), The Economics of the Family: How the Household Affects Markets and Economic Growth, 2014, 2, 27-66.)
8570  Solomon Polachek
Xu Zhang
Xing Zhou
A Biological Basis for the Gender Wage Gap: Fecundity and Age and Educational Hypogamy
(published in: Gender Convergence in the Labor Market, Research in Labor Economics, 41, 2015, 35-88.)
8056  Kyung-Gon Lee
Solomon Polachek
Do School Budgets Matter? The Effect of Budget Referenda on Student Performance
(forthcoming in: Education Economics)
8023  Tirthatanmoy Das
Solomon Polachek
Unanticipated Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program
(published in: Contemporary Economic Policy, 2015, 33 (4), 619-635. )
7335  Solomon Polachek
Tirthatanmoy Das
Rewat Thamma-Apiroam
Heterogeneity in the Production of Human Capital
(published as 'Micro and Macro Implications of Heterogeneity in the Production of Human Capital' in: Journal of Political Economy, 2015, 123(6), 1410-1455 )
5662  Daniel J. Henderson
Solomon Polachek
Le Wang
Heterogeneity in Schooling Rates of Return
(published in: Economics of Education Review, 2011, 30 (6), 1202-1214)
4762  Solomon Polachek
Daria Sevastianova
Does Conflict Disrupt Growth? Evidence of the Relationship between Political Instability and National Economic Performance
(published in: Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 2011, [iFirst])
3883  Solomon Polachek
Jun Xiang
How Opportunity Costs Decrease the Probability of War in an Incomplete Information Game
(published in: International Organization, 2010, 64 (1), 133-144)
3407  Ariel R. Belasen
Solomon Polachek
How Hurricanes Affect Employment and Wages in Local Labor Markets
(published in: American Economic Review, 2008, 98 (2), 49-53)
3181  Solomon Polachek
Earnings Over the Lifecycle: The Mincer Earnings Function and Its Applications
(published in: Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 2008, 4 (3), 165-272)
2976  Ariel R. Belasen
Solomon Polachek
How Disasters Affect Local Labor Markets: The Effects of Hurricanes in Florida
(published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2009, 44 (1), 251 - 276)
2170  Solomon Polachek
Carlos Seiglie
Trade, Peace and Democracy: An Analysis of Dyadic Dispute
(published in: T. Sandler and K. Hardley (eds.), Handbook of Defense Economics Vol. 2, Elsevier 2007)
1988  John Robst
Solomon Polachek
Yuan-Ching Chang
Geographic Proximity, Trade and International Conflict/Cooperation
(published in: Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2007, 24 (1), 1-24)
1882  Daniel J. Henderson
Alexandre Olbrecht
Solomon Polachek
Do Former College Athletes Earn More at Work? A Nonparametric Assessment
(published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2006, 41(3), 558-577)
1803  Leo Turcotte
John Robst
Solomon Polachek
Medical Interventions among Pregnant Women in Fee-for-Service and Managed Care Insurance: A Propensity Score Analysis
(published in: Applied Economics, 2006, 38 (13), 1513-1525)
1735  Solomon Polachek
Jun Xiang
The Effects of Incomplete Employee Wage Information: A Cross-Country Analysis
(published in: Research in Labor Economics, 2006, 24, 35-75)
1334  Solomon Polachek
How Outsourcing Affects Bilateral Political Relations
(published in: Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 2004, 3 (special issue), 29-42.)
1102  Solomon Polachek
How the Human Capital Model Explains Why the Gender Wage Gap Narrowed
(published in: F. Blau, M. Brinton, and D. Grusky, (eds.) The Declining Significance of Gender?, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006)
896  Solomon Polachek
What Can We Learn About the Decline in U.S. Union Membership from International Data?
(published in: Phanindra V. Wunnava (ed.), The Changing Forms of Unions: New Forms of Representation, M.E. Sharpe 2004)
This paper has repeatedly been among the Top 10 monthly downloads. 
Solomon Polachek
Mincer's Overtaking Point and the Lifecycle Earnings Distribution
(published in: Review of Economics of the Household, 2003, 1 (4), 273-304)