Petra E. Todd
Research Fellow

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Todd Petra E. Todd is a Professor in the University of Pennsylvania Economics Department and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1996. Her fields of interest are program evaluation and microeconometrics. She has published papers on modeling the relationship between schooling quality and earnings, on econometric methods for evaluating effects of labor market interventions, on modeling the determinants of cognitive achievement, on testing for discrimination in motor vehicle searches, and on understanding the sources of racial disparities in wages. She is currently working on an evaluation of a large-scale anti-poverty program in Mexico. She teaches courses in labor economics, program evaluation and micro-econometrics. She has also served as a consultant for the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Fund, the International Food Policy Research Institute and the US Department of Justice on projects related to evaluation of social programs in developing countries or the measurement of discrimination.

She joined IZA as a Research Fellow in June 2001.
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IZA Discussion Papers:
No. Author(s)
4304  James J. Heckman
Petra E. Todd
A Note on Adapting Propensity Score Matching and Selection Models to Choice Based Samples
(published in: Econometric Journal, 2009, 12 (Supplement), S230-S234)
3310  James J. Heckman
Lance John Lochner
Petra E. Todd
Earnings Functions and Rates of Return
(published in: Journal of Human Capital, 2008, 2(1), 1-31)
1700  James J. Heckman
Lance John Lochner
Petra E. Todd
Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond
(published in: E. Hanushek and F. Welch, eds., Handbook of the Economics of Education, North Holland: Amsterdam, 2006, 307-458)
This paper has repeatedly been among the Top 10 monthly downloads. 
James J. Heckman
Lance John Lochner
Petra E. Todd
Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions