Steven Raphael
Research Fellow

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too h Raphael Steven Raphael is Professor of Public Policy at UC Berkeley. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates. He also works on the economics immigration, racial inequality, labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. Raphael holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.

He joined IZA as a Research Fellow in March 2009.
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IZA Discussion Papers:
No. Author(s)
9812  Magnus Lofstrom
Steven Raphael
Crime, the Criminal Justice System, and Socioeconomic Inequality
(published in: Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2016, 30 (2), 103 - 126)
9420  Sarah Bohn
Magnus Lofstrom
Steven Raphael
Do E-Verify Mandates Improve Labor Market Outcomes of Low-Skilled Native and Legal Immigrant Workers?
(published in: Southern Economic Journal, 2015, 81 (4), 960979)
7838  Magnus Lofstrom
Steven Raphael
Incarceration and Crime: Evidence from California's Public Safety Realignment Reform
(published in: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2016, 664 (1), 196-220 )
5682  Sarah Bohn
Magnus Lofstrom
Steven Raphael
Did the 2007 Legal Arizona Workers Act Reduce the State's Unauthorized Immigrant Population?
(published in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2014, 96(2), 258-269)