Jo Ritzen
Policy Fellow

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Ritzen Jozef Ritzen, a Dutch national, is Professor of International Economics of Science, Technology and Higher Education at Maastricht University, UNU-Merit/Graduate School of Governance. Until February 2011 he served as President of Maastricht University.

He previously held various posts at the World Bank, including Vice President of the Development Economics Department and of the Human Development Network, which advises the institution and its client countries on innovative approaches to improving health, education and social protection.

Prior to coming to the Bank, he was Minister of Education, Culture, and Science of The Netherlands, one of the longest-serving Ministers of Education in the world. During his term, he enacted a series of major reforms throughout the Dutch education system. Mr. Ritzen has also made significant contributions to agencies such as UNESCO and OECD, especially in the field of education and social cohesion. Prior to his appointment as Minister in 1989, Mr. Ritzen held academic appointments with Nijmegen University and Erasmus University in The Netherlands, and the University of California-Berkeley and the Robert M. LaFollette Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the United States.

Mr. Ritzen obtained a master's degree in physics engineering in 1970 from the University of Technology in Delft, and a PhD in economics in 1977 from Erasmus University in Rotterdam. His dissertation on education, economic growth, and income distribution earned him the Winkler Prins prize.

He has written or co-authored eleven books. Many articles written or co-authored by him are published in the fields of education, economics, public finance and development economics.

He became an IZA Policy Fellow in December 2010 and was a Senior Advisor Policy at IZA from February 2011 until September 2017.
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IZA World of Labor article: Happiness as a guide to labor market policy
IZA Discussion Papers:
No. Author(s)
10565  Alison Cathles
Jo Ritzen
Money Counts, but So Does Timing: Public Investment and Adult Competencies
10457  Simone Sasso
Jo Ritzen
Sectoral Cognitive Skills, R&D, and Productivity: A Cross-Country Cross-Sector Analysis
8001  Jo Ritzen
Klaus F. Zimmermann
Caroline Wehner
Euroskepticism in the Crisis: More Mood than Economy
(completely revised version 'Euroskepticism, Income Inequality and Financial Expectations' published in: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 16 (2): 539-576 [revised version])
6340  Jo Ritzen
Klaus F. Zimmermann
Fading Hope in the US
IZA Policy Papers:
No. Author(s)
126 Jo Ritzen
Martin Kahanec
A Sustainable Immigration Policy for the EU
125 Jo Ritzen
Martin Kahanec
Jasmina Haas
EU Mobility
121 Jo Ritzen
Jasmina Haas
Annemarie Neeleman
Pedro N. Teixeira
European Identity and the Learning Union
120 Jo Ritzen
Jasmina Haas
A Sustainable Euro Area with Exit Options
112 Jo Ritzen
Jasmina Haas
In Europe We Trust?
107 Jo Ritzen
European Universities during the Crisis: A Public Policy Perspective, with a Brief Excursion to the US
73 Jo Ritzen
Klaus F. Zimmermann
A Vibrant European Labor Market with Full Employment
(published in: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2014, 3:10, [Open Access])
51 CÚcile Hoareau
Jo Ritzen
Gabriele Marconi
The State of University Policy for Progress in Europe
44 Jo Ritzen
Can the University Save Europe?
IZA Standpunkte:
No. Author(s)
54 Jo Ritzen
Holger Hinte
Chancengleichheit und lebenslanges Lernen: Zur Zukunft der Bildung in Deutschland